Cell Signaling Technology

Product Pathways - Metabolism

PKM2 (D78A4) XP® Rabbit mAb (HRP Conjugate) #90833

No. Size Price
90833S 100 µl ( 10 western blots ) ¥4,264.00 现货查询 购买询价
90833 carrier free & custom formulation / quantityemail request
Applications Dilution Species-Reactivity Sensitivity MW (kDa) Isotype
W 1:1000 Human,Mouse,Rat,Monkey, Endogenous 60 Rabbit IgG

Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.

Applications Key: W=Western Blotting,

Specificity / Sensitivity

PKM2 (D78A4) XP® Rabbit mAb (HRP Conjugate) detects endogenous levels of total PKM2 protein.

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequence of human PKM2.


This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to the carbohydrate groups of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) via its amine groups. The HRP conjugated antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated PKM2 (D78A4) XP® Rabbit mAb #4053.

Western Blotting

Western Blotting

Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using PKM2 (D78A4) XP® Rabbit mAb (HRP Conjugate).


Pyruvate kinase is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyses the conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate to pyruvate. In mammals, the M1 isoform (PKM1) is expressed in most adult tissues (1). The M2 isoform (PKM2) is an alternatively spliced variant of M1 that is expressed during embryonic development (1). Research studies found that cancer cells exclusively express PKM2 (1-3). PKM2 is shown to be essential for aerobic glycolysis in tumors, known as the Warburg effect (1). When cancer cells switch from the M2 isoform to the M1 isoform, aerobic glycolysis is reduced and oxidative phosphorylation is increased (1). These cells also show decreased tumorigenicity in mouse xenografts (1). Recent studies showed that PKM2 is not essential for all tumor cells (4). In the tumor model studied, PKM2 was found to be active in the non-proliferative tumor cell population and inactive in the proliferative tumor cell population (4).

  1. Christofk, H.R. et al. (2008) Nature 452, 230-3.
  2. Mazurek, S. et al. (2005) Semin Cancer Biol 15, 300-8.
  3. Dombrauckas, J.D. et al. (2005) Biochemistry 44, 9417-29.
  4. Israelsen, W.J. et al. (2013) Cell 155, 397-409.

Application References

Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!


Companion Products

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

Tween is a registered trademark of ICI Americas, Inc.

Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

用户评论 --- 共 0


我要参与评论 :