Cell Signaling Technology

Product Pathways - Lymphocyte Signaling

TIM-3 (D5D5R™) XP® Rabbit mAb #45208

No. Size Price
45208S 100 µl ( 10 western blots ) ¥7,500.00 现货查询 购买询价
45208T 20 µl ( 2 western blots ) ¥2,000.00 现货查询 购买询价
45208 carrier free & custom formulation / quantityemail request
Applications Dilution Species-Reactivity Sensitivity MW (kDa) Isotype
W 1:1000 Human, Endogenous 45-70 Rabbit IgG
IP 1:50
IHC-P 1:400
F 1:50

Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.

Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), F=Flow Cytometry,

Specificity / Sensitivity

TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total TIM-3 protein.

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the extracellular domain of human TIM-3 protein.

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human tonsil using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Western Blotting

Western Blotting

Western blot analysis of extracts from primary human CD4+ T cells and various cell lines using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper) or β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower). CD4+ T cells were purified from human blood and stimulated for 9 days using beads coated with CD3 and CD28 antibodies in the presence of Human Interleukin-2 (hIL-2) #8907 (6.7 ng/ml).

Western Blotting

Western Blotting

Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, untransfected (-) or transfected with a construct expressing full-length human Myc/DDK-tagged TIM-3 (hTIM-3-Myc/DDK; +), using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb.

Flow Cytometry

Flow Cytometry

Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells (blue) and primary CD4+ T cells (green) using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb. Controls were run on Jurkat cells (orange) and primary CD4+ T cells (red) using concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900. Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 fragment (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #4412 was used as a secondary antibody. CD4+ T cells were purified from human blood and stimulated for 9 days using beads coated with CD3 and CD28 antibodies in the presence of Human Interleukin-2 (hIL-2) #8907 (6.7 ng/ml).

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded cell pellets, primary CD4+ T cells (left) and HT-29 cells (right), using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb. CD4+ T cells were purified from human blood and stimulated for 7 days using beads coated with CD3 and CD28 antibodies in the presence of Human Interleukin-2 (hIL-2) #8907 (6.7 ng/ml).

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human colon carcinoma using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb.

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma using TIM-3 (D5D5R) XP® Rabbit mAb. Note staining of alveolar macrophages.

Background

T cell Ig- and mucin-domain-containing molecules (TIMs) are a family of transmembrane proteins expressed by various immune cells. TIM-3 is an inhibitory molecule that is induced following T cell activation (1-3 ). TIM-3 is expressed by exhausted T cells in the settings of chronic infection and cancer (4,5), and tumor-infiltrating T cells that coexpress PD-1 and TIM-3 exhibit the most severe exhausted phenotype (5). Tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells (DCs) also express TIM-3. TIM-3 expression on DCs was found to suppress innate immunity by reducing the immunogenicity of nucleic acids released by dying tumor cells (6). Research studies show that heterodimerization of TIM-3 with CEACAM-1 is critical for the inhibitory function of TIM-3, and co-blockade of TIM-3 and CEACAM-1 enhanced antitumor responses in a mouse model of colorectal cancer (7). In addition, blockade of TIM-3 in mouse models of autoimmunity enhanced the severity of disease (1). Finally, binding of Galectin-9 to TIM-3 expressed by Th1 cells induces T cell death (8).

  1. Monney, L. et al. (2002) Nature 415, 536-41.
  2. Sánchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 1093-101.
  3. Sabatos, C.A. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 1102-10.
  4. Jones, R.B. et al. (2008) J Exp Med 205, 2763-79.
  5. Sakuishi, K. et al. (2010) J Exp Med 207, 2187-94.
  6. Chiba, S. et al. (2012) Nat Immunol 13, 832-42.
  7. Huang, Y.H. et al. (2015) Nature 517, 386-90.
  8. Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat Immunol 6, 1245-52.

Application References

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

SignalStain is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

Alexa Fluor is a registered trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.

Tween is a registered trademark of ICI Americas, Inc.

Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

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