Cell Signaling Technology

Product Pathways - Chromatin Regulation / Epigenetics

RAD21 (D213) Antibody #4321

cohesin   cohesion   sc-166973   sc-98784  

No. Size Price
4321S 100 µl ( 10 western blots ) ¥3,250.00 现货查询 购买询价
4321 carrier free & custom formulation / quantityemail request
Applications Dilution Species-Reactivity Sensitivity MW (kDa) Isotype
W 1:1000 Human,Mouse,Rat,Monkey, Endogenous 130 Rabbit
IP 1:25
IF-IC 1:100

Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.

Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry),


Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Chicken, Bovine, Pig, Horse,

Specificity / Sensitivity

RAD21 (D213) Antibody detects endogenous levels of total RAD21 protein.RAD21 (D213) Antibody能够识别内源性RAD21总蛋白。

Source / Purification

Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the human RAD21 protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.该多克隆抗体是由合成的人源的RAD21蛋白免疫动物,采用蛋白A和多肽亲和层析技术纯化生产的。



Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells using RAD21 (D213) Antibody (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red).激光共聚焦免疫荧光方法检测Hela细胞,使用的抗体为RAD21 (D213) Antibody ,呈绿色。肌动蛋白纤维由DY-554鬼笔环肽标记,呈红色。

Western Blotting

Western Blotting

Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using RAD21 (D213) Antibody.Western blot 方法检测不同细胞提取物,使用的抗体为RAD21 (D213) Antibody。


The cohesin complex consists of a heterodimer between SMC1 (SMC1A or B) and SMC3, bound by additional RAD21 and STAG proteins (STAG1, 2, or 3) (1,2). These proteins form a ring-like structure that mediates the cohesion of two sister chromatids after DNA replication in S phase (1,2). RAD21 and STAG2 are phosphorylated by Polo-like kinase (PLK) during prophase, which leads to the dissociation of cohesin complexes from the chromosome arms; however, cohesin remains bound to centromeres until anaphase (3,4). RAD21 is cleaved by separin/ESPL1 in anaphase, which leads to dissociation of the remaining cohesin from centromeres, enabling sister chromatids to segregate during mitosis (5). RAD21 is also cleaved by caspase-3 and caspase-7 during apoptosis, resulting in a 64 kDa carboxy-terminal cleavage product that translocates to the cytoplasm and may help to trigger apoptosis (6,7). In addition to mediating cohesion of sister chromatids, the cohesin complex plays important roles in gene regulation and DNA repair, as SMC1 and SMC3 are both phosphorylated by ATM and ATR kinases upon DNA damage (1,2). 黏连蛋白复合物是由介于SMC1 (SMC1A or B)和SMC3之间的异源二聚体组成,邻接RAD21和STAG蛋白(STAG1,2或3) (1,2)。这些蛋白形成一个环状结构来介导S期DNA复制后姐妹染色单体的结合(1,2)。RAD21和STAGE2可在分裂前期被Polo样激酶(PLK)磷酸化,导致黏连蛋白复合体从染色体臂分离;然而,黏连蛋白仍然结合中中心体直至分裂后期(3,4)。RAD21可以在分裂后期被分离蛋白/ESPL1裂解,导致剩下的黏连蛋白从中心体分离,促进有丝分裂中姐妹染色单体的分离(5)。RAD21也能够在凋亡中被凋亡蛋白酶-3和凋亡蛋白酶-7裂解,导致一个64kDa的羧基末端裂解产物向胞质转移并有助于触发凋亡(6,7)。除了介导姐妹染色单体的结合,黏连蛋白复合物在基因调控和DNA修复中发挥重要作用,因为在DNA损伤处SMC1和SMC3都被ATM和ATR激酶磷酸化(1,2)。

  1. Peters, J.M. et al. (2008) Genes Dev 22, 3089-114.
  2. Barbero, J.L. (2009) Cell Mol Life Sci 66, 2025-35.
  3. Hoque, M.T. and Ishikawa, F. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 5059-67.
  4. Hauf, S. et al. (2005) PLoS Biol 3, e69.
  5. Hauf, S. et al. (2001) Science 293, 1320-3.
  6. Pati, D. et al. (2002) Mol Cell Biol 22, 8267-77.
  7. Chen, F. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 16775-81.

Application References

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

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