Cell Signaling Technology

Product Pathways - Protein Translation

Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb #3398

EIF-2A   EIF-2alpha   EIF2   EIF2A   EIF2S1   elf-2   elf2   IF2A   sc-101670  

No. Size Price
3398S 100 µl ( 10 western blots ) ¥4,050.00 现货查询 购买询价
3398T 20 µl ( 2 western blots ) ¥1,600.00 现货查询 购买询价
3398 carrier free & custom formulation / quantityemail request
Applications Dilution Species-Reactivity Sensitivity MW (kDa) Isotype
W 1:1000 Human,Mouse,Rat,Monkey,D. melanogaster, Endogenous 38 Rabbit IgG
IP 1:100
IHC-P 1:100

Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.

Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin),

Specificity / Sensitivity

Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous eIF2α only when phosphorylated at Ser51. The antibody does not recognize elF2α phosphorylated at other sites.

Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb兔单抗检测仅在Ser51位点磷酸化的内源性eIF2α蛋白水平。这个抗体不与其它位点磷酸化的elF2alpha蛋白发生交叉反应。

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser51 of human eIF2α.

通过人工合成人源eIF2α蛋白Ser51位点周围相应的磷酸化片段去免疫动物从而制备单克隆抗体。

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human colon carcinoma, untreated (left) or λ phosphatase-treated (right), using Phopsho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.

使用Phopsho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb兔单抗,免疫组化分析人类结肠癌石蜡切片,细胞分为未处理组(左图)λ磷酸酶处理组(右图)。

Western Blotting

Western Blotting

Western blot analysis of extracts from C2C12 cells, untreated or thapsigargin-treated, using Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper) or eIF2α Antibody #9722 (lower).

使用Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb (上图)和eIF2α Antibody #9722 (下图),免疫印迹(Western Blot)分析在C2C12细胞系中Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51)和eIF2alpha蛋白水平,细胞分为未处理组和thapsigargin处理组。

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma using Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.

使用Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb兔单抗,免疫组化分析人类肺癌组织石蜡切片。

IHC-P (paraffin)

IHC-P (paraffin)

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lymphoma using Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb.

使用Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (D9G8) XP® Rabbit mAb兔单抗,免疫组化分析人类淋巴瘤组织石蜡切片。

Background

Phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) α subunit is a well-documented mechanism to downregulate protein synthesis under a variety of stress conditions. Eukaryotic initiation factor 2 binds GTP and Met-tRNAi and transfers Met-tRNA to the 40S subunit to form the 43S preinitiation complex (1,2). eIF2 promotes a new round of translation initiation by exchanging GDP for GTP, a reaction catalyzed by eIF2B (1,2). Kinases that are activated by viral infection (PKR), endoplasmic reticulum stress (PERK/PEK), amino acid deprivation (GCN2), or heme deficiency (HRI) can phosphorylate the α subunit of eIF2 (3,4). This phosphorylation stabilizes the eIF2-GDP-eIF2B complex and inhibits the turnover of eIF2B. Induction of PKR by IFN-γ and TNF-α induces potent phosphorylation of eIF2α at Ser51 (5,6).

研究证明在不同的应激条件下真核生物起始因子2 (eIF2) α亚型的磷酸化可下调蛋白质的合成。eIF2蛋白与GTP以及起始tRNA(Met-tRNAi)结合,然后将Met-tRNA转移到40S核糖体亚基上共同形成43S前起始复合物(1,2)。eIF2通过eIF2B催化反应将GTP交换GDP从而促进新一轮翻译的起始(1,2)。病毒感染(PKR)、内质网应激(endoplasmic reticulum stress)(PERK/PEK)、氨基酸饥饿(GCN2)或血红素缺乏症(HRI)能够激活相关的激酶,这些激酶可以使eIF2的α亚基磷酸化(3,4)。这个磷酸化稳固eIF2-GDP-eIF2B复合物,同时期抑制eIF2B的降解。通过IFN-γ 和TNF-α的诱导的PKR能有效的诱导eIF2α蛋白在Ser51位点磷酸化(5,6)。

  1. Kimball, S.R. (1999) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 31, 25-29.
  2. De Haro, C. et al. (1996) FASEB J. 10, 1378-1387.
  3. Kaufman, R.J. (1999) Genes Dev. 13, 1211-1233.
  4. Sheikh, M.S. and Fornace Jr., A.J. (1999) Oncogene 18, 6121-6128.
  5. Cheshire, J.L. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 4801-4806.
  6. Zamanian-Daryoush, M. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell. Biol. 20, 1278-1290.

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

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